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To see a more detailed list of diseases -
Health Risk Associated with nuisance pigeons & birds
FACT: Pest bird can harbor over 40 types of parasites and host internally 60 types of infectious diseases that can be spread by the dried bird droppings to you, your family, employees and pets.
People who would never tolerate a colony of rats living in their attic or home will turn a blind eye towards pigeons or other birds entrenched in the overhangs or rafters of their roof. Yet, in terms of disease and damage, the two pests are quite similar.
In order to better understand how nuisance birds (or rats with wings for that matter) spread disease we need to understand the basics of disease and transmission.
To see a more detailed list of diseases - Click Here
Some of the diseases Associated with many Pest Birds;
Above list does not include diseases spread by parasites which live on the pest birds or in their nests like bird mites, bed bugs or ticks.
is a Disease?
Birds are a perfect mechanism for spreading disease because they travel great distances, harbor over forty types of parasites and can host internally over sixty types of infectious diseases that can effect you, your family and pets and now with the possible treat in the next few years of bird flu, controlling pest birds around your home or business is even more important.
Fortunately, human interaction with most bird species is minimal, thus drastically reducing any health threat from most birds. However a few bird species have successfully adapted to our urban environment. The pigeon, starling and house sparrow have learned to thrive living in our buildings and eating our food. Their adaptation to our communities has brought them into close proximity to humans. These three non-native birds have become a major nuisance in our cities and they pose a serious health risk.
Pest Birds Harbor and Spread Disease
& Water Contaminated with Feces
of fecal dust
contact with feces
Two of the most common known diseases:
Histoplasmosis is caused by a fungus (Histoplasma capsulatum) found primarily in the areas drained by the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. The disease is transmitted to humans by airborne fungus spores from soil contaminated by pigeon and starling droppings (as well as from the droppings of other birds and bats). The soil under a roost usually has to have been enriched by droppings for two years or more for the disease organism to reach significant levels. Although almost always associated with soil, the fungus has been found in droppings (particularly from bats) alone, such as in an attic.
Infection occurs when spores, carried by the air are inhaled — especially after a roost has been disturbed. Most infections are mild and produce either no symptoms or a minor influenza- like illness. On occasion, the disease can cause high fever, blood abnormalities, pneumonia and even death. In some areas, including portions of Illinois, up to 80 percent of the population show evidence of previous infection.
Cryptococcosis - Pigeon droppings appear to be the most important source of the disease fungus Cryptococcus neoformans in the environment. The fungus is typically found in accumulations of droppings around roosting and nesting sites, for example, attics, cupolas, ledges and water towers. It has been found in as many as 84 percent of samples taken from old roosts. Even when old and dry, bird droppings can be a significant source of infection.
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